How can krill support your health? Jerry Hickey, Ph. goes into depth about the difference between krill and fish oil as well as the benefits.
Written by Melissa Bistricer, RDN
For further questions or concerns email me at [email protected]
Think down to just your bones, your skeleton self, remove all the skin, cartilage, and tendons. There are over 206 bones in the adult human body, this includes the skull, spine, ribs, arms, and legs. What can you do today to help support your bone health?†
The Role of Bone Health in the Body
Our bones help to support our movement, protect our brain, heart, and other organs from injuries. The bones store calcium and phosphorus and release the minerals into the body when needed to keep our bones strong. Bones are living tissue, they are consistently being broken down and then being replaced. As we age the bones become brittle and are easier to breakdown because they have a harder time being replaced again. The breakdown of the bones can lead to increased inflammation, pain, stiffness, and discomfort.†
Common Bone Problems
Decreased bone mass, also known as osteopenia, occurs when the bones in our body start to lose calcium and other minerals.†
Osteoporosis is when the bone breaks down easily and there is a decrease in the amount and thickness of the bone tissue, which is commonly seen in post-menopausal women.†
Muscle Weakness which is commonly associated with arthritis. The joints become stiff and weakened, leading to a reduced ability to do common daily activities such as walking, standing and going up and down stairs.†
Risk of Injury especially in the elderly due to a lack of balance may lead to the risk of falling.†
Keeping your bones strong is advised at any age. Luckily, we can help to try and minimize symptoms through exercising, diet and nutritional supplements.†
Nutritional Diet Recommendation
Anti-Inflammatory Diet: This diet will help to reduce the bone mineral density that is being lost in the body. Ohio State University studied the effect of consuming a high anti-inflammatory diet on women. The results seemed to indicate the individuals lost less bone density when consuming a high intake of anti-inflammatory foods. An anti-inflammatory diet consists of consuming a high intake of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and foods containing omega-3 fatty acids such as fatty fish (salmon).†
Diet Rich in Vitamin D and Calcium: Calcium is the #1 mineral that helps to build and maintain bones. Vitamin D will help the body absorb calcium, so if you’re taking in lots of calcium but are deficient in vitamin D the calcium will go to waste. Foods that are rich in calcium are dairy products, or green leafy vegetables like kale, broccoli, and collard greens. Vitamin D has minimal foods since it comes naturally from light therefore supplementation may be your best choice. Some foods that have vitamin D are fortified vitamin D foods, eggs, mackerel, salmon, or sardines.†
Vitamins, Minerals, & Herbs
Nutrition is where it starts to improve and build up your bones in the body. Given the proper recommendations for vitamins and minerals the body has the optimal potential to regenerate. These nutrients will help to play a critical role in activating bone building and ensure when bone is breaking down everything is functioning properly.†
Collagen in the human body is in over 25 forms, 90% is formed by collagen type 1. Collagen type 1 and type 3 are essential for repair and support in connective tissues. At the age of 25 individuals start to lose collagen, they start to lose 1.5% per year therefore at the age of 60 you have lost half your natural collagen supply.†
Peptan B 5000, found in Invite’s Collagen Hx, has been studied to help support cartilage and joint health. Collagen peptides have been assessed to help individuals with dry skin and improve skin hydration within 8 weeks.† 2
Boswellia Serrata has been studied to treat inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and asthma. Boswellic acid contains AKBA (3-O-acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid) and has been studied to help anti-inflammatory actions.†3
Calcium citrate in this form will help to enhance the amount of calcium absorbed in a larger surface area in the gut. The main goal is to keep the calcium out of the blood vessels and soft tissue and allow the calcium to be deposited into your bones.†
Vitamin D3 (calcitriol) and Vitamin K (phylloquinone) are fat-soluble vitamins that play a role in calcium metabolism. Vitamin D and K are important for bone and cardiovascular health. The combination of vitamin D and K are necessary as vitamin D promotes the production of vitamin K to help build protein, which is required for vitamin K carboxylation in order to function correctly.†4
Vitamin K, Boron, Magnesium, Silicon are widely becoming more known for their importance for bone health.5 Newer research determines the use of magnesium to be beneficial for bone health, especially for women postmenopausal. Silicon is another nutrient helpful for bone health and deficiency can lead to poor skeletal development.†5
The Bone Health Program
Has these nutrients within to unique formulas called Bone Food Powder and Collagen HxⓇ. They are comprehensive supplements to help to support aging bones. Bone Food Powder has elements such as Vitamin K, D, Calcium, and Magnesium to help with bone building. Collagen supports cartilage, connective tissue, skin, hair, nails and bones.†
For further questions or concerns related to dietary and nutritional supplement recommendations email me at [email protected]
1. Encyclopedia, M. and joints, A., 2022. Aging changes in the bones – muscles – joints: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. [online] Medlineplus.gov. Available at: <https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/004015.htm#:~:text=People%20lo HYPERLINK “https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/004015.htm”se%20bone%20mass%20or,cushion%20(called%20a%20disk).> [Accessed 24 March 2022].
2. Asserin J, Lati E, Shioya T, Prawitt J. The effect of oral collagen peptide supplementation on skin moisture and the dermal collagen network: evidence from an ex vivo model and randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2015;14(4):291-301. doi:10.1111/jocd.12174
3. Abdel-Tawab M, Werz O, Schubert-Zsilavecz M. Boswellia serrata: an overall assessment of in vitro, preclinical, pharmacokinetic and clinical data. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2011;50(6):349-369. doi:10.2165/11586800-000000000-00000
4. van Ballegooijen AJ, Pilz S, Tomaschitz A, Grübler MR, Verheyen N. The Synergistic Interplay between Vitamins D and K for Bone and Cardiovascular Health: A Narrative Review. Int J Endocrinol. 2017;2017:7454376. doi:10.1155/2017/7454376
5. Price CT, Langford JR, Liporace FA. Essential Nutrients for Bone Health and a Review of their Availability in the Average North American Diet. Open Orthop J. 2012;6:143-149. doi:10.2174/1874325001206010143
Did you know that more than 25% of adults over the age of 60 suffer from osteoarthritis? That’s why you and your orthopedist need to know about UC-II.
Your body needs omega-3s to function properly, but most Americans are lacking these important fatty acids. Here’s why that’s a problem for immunity, brain health and more.
Please see below for a complete transcript of this episode.
Green Tea Targets Arthritis – InViteⓇ Health Podcast, Episode 512
Hosted by Amanda Williams, MPH
InViteⓇ Health Podcast Intro: Welcome to the InViteⓇ Health Podcast, where our degreed healthcare professionals are excited to offer you the most important health and wellness information you need to make informed choices about your health. You can learn more about the products discussed in each of these episodes and all that InViteⓇ Health has to offer at www.invitehealth.com/podcast. First time customers can use promo code PODCAST at checkout for an additional 15% off your first purchase. Let’s get started!
Amanda Williams, MPH:
[00:00:40] Teas have been widely consumed throughout the world, and we’ve all heard about the many potential health benefits that go along with tea. So today I want to zero in on tea and inflammation in the setting of arthritis. I’m Amanda Williams, M.D., M.P.H., and let’s get right to it. Let’s talk about the amazing amount of clinical research that is out there that is assessing the impact of the power nutrient, that power catechin coming from green tea, the EGCG and how beneficial that can be when it comes to targeting inflammation that’s directly associated with arthritis, so whether we’re looking at osteoarthritis or we are looking at rheumatoid arthritis.† [00:01:22]
[00:01:22] There was a very extensive research study that was published in the Life Science Journal back in 2010 that looked at the power of that polyphenol, that EGCG when it came to inflammation and arthritis. So being that we know that many Americans suffer from arthritic joints and arthritic conditions, this is an area that oftentimes people are looking for alternatives as opposed to using an NSAID on a daily basis, the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, because the long-term use of those in not so great, depending upon which one that you’re taking, can impact negatively different things, like acetaminophen, for example. The extended use of acetaminophen, definitely not a good thing for your liver. And then when you look at the other NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, for example, then we have to start having concerns with the long-lasting negative impact on the kidneys.† [00:02:16]
[00:02:16] So that’s why I want to talk about green tea in this setting today and looking at the many benefits of how it is that green tea is really kind of guiding us through this inflammaging highway. So we… I talk oftentimes about inflammaging, which is accelerated aging brought on because of chronic inflammation. So understanding how the antioxidants that are contained within green tea can really target the inflammatory pathways in a much broader degree than we ever recognized previously. And one of the things that we now know from scientific research is that not only can that green tea help with the regulation of expression of different cytokines and chemokines and the reactive oxygen species and targeting, you know, COX-1 and COX-2 pathways. But we also now know that it targets something known as HMBG1, which is high mobility group box one. Why does that matter? Well, because when we understand the impact of HMGB1 in the body, then you can start to tie that in with the excessive amount of inflammation that can occur within the joints. So HMGB1 turns on the release of chemical signals in the body, which we call cytokines, and those cytokines generate up inflammation. So if we have this release of inflammatory cytokines, then over the course of time, so we’re talking chronic inflammation. In the acute setting, that’s one thing. You know, you stub your toe, you sprain your ankle. Acute inflammation is one thing, but we’re talking in the setting of chronic inflammation. Then we know we’ve got a big problem. So elevated HMGB1 levels have been found to be associated with many different chronic inflammatory conditions, so when we’re thinking about things such as arthritis. But we can also, you know, put into the mix different respiratory chronic conditions such as asthma, COPD, for example, we can look at inflammatory bowel disease, we can look at diabetes, for example, and many different conditions, even within the cardiovascular system, where you can see this elevation of HMGB1, which is a big problem.† [00:04:48]
[00:04:49] So what do we know now from the scientific studies is that the EGCG, the epigallocatechin gallate that’s coming from the green tea, this has been studied and shown to have this ability to inhibit that HMGB1, which is really incredibly powerful. So the first study that came out that really zeroed in on EGCG’s ability to do this was back in 2011, and that was in the Journal of Biochemical Pharmacology. So understanding that if we have a nutrient that’s coming from nature, so this power catechin, that EGCG. And this can actually work in a way to, in a sense, turn off that switch for inflammation, then we can start to see how it is that when you’re in a setting such as arthritis, why green tea can potentiate all of these powerful benefits. So I pulled a few different studies just to reinforce this, because it’s not like this was just a finding that they stumbled upon and then they let it go. No. They continue to look at this and said, “Wow, EGCG, you can actually down regulate the activation of this power signal, this HMGB1, which triggers this flood of cytokines to be released, which is significantly driving up inflammation.”† [00:06:04]
[00:06:06] So in the Life Science Journal, they go into many of the different components of green tea and how when you look at the scope of conditions to which green tea has been shown to be incredibly beneficial to you, when you think about green tea and cardiovascular disease and how green tea has been shown even at UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles to actually be able to lower the risk of stroke. And this was through a meta analysis that they did, and this was just through people who consumed a lot of tea. So drinking tea. So we’re not even talking about the power amount of EGCG that you get if you utilize Green Tea HxⓇ, for example. And they found that when people consumed three or more cups of tea per day, that they had a 20% lower risk of a stroke. And that’s just from, you know, something that they’re drinking every single day. Certainly, when you look at cognitive studies and what occurs within the brain, the aging brain and oxidative stress and how detrimental that can be to our cognition, this is another area of research where green tea is really shown to be incredibly beneficial when it comes to its immunomodulatory benefits. This is where you know, things like rheumatoid arthritis, looking at some of the issues that are arise with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, for example. So there’s just a vast amount of research out there that really zeroes in on just how powerful the use of EGCG can be when it comes to its vast, vast benefits.† [00:07:45]
[00:07:46] And of course, there’s a ton of studies looking at EGCG when it comes to cancer studies and cancer research. So when it’s cardiovascular, cancer, metabolic conditions such as diabetes, whether we’re looking at inflammation, we certainly can see how it is that the EGCG, potentially it’s this really powerful, powerful benefit. So in the Journal of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology in 2017, they were looking at the anti-inflammatory activities of the green tea catechins when it came to these different signaling pathways in rheumatoid arthritis. So how do they set this up? While you have to test this in patients who have been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, which is an autoimmune condition, and finding how the EGCG was incredibly effective in terms of inhibiting these downstream inflammatory signals. So we kind of go back to that high mobility group box one and you can see how that green tea really does pack a heck of a punch.† [00:08:49]
[00:08:50] In the Arthritis Research Therapeutics Journal in 2010, they also were looking at the progress of research, and so we’re talking over 10 years ago where they were looking at the progression of the scientific research that was coming out showing how the EGCG, the epigallocatechin gallate from the green tea, how this was creating an environment that was actually lowering inflammation in even the most severe cases of rheumatoid arthritis. Now, as I mentioned, you can also throw osteoarthritis into this mix, which is what most people have. Most people don’t have RA. Most people have osteoarthritis, and it’s key to be able to differentiate between the two. But the important takeaway from from that is to also recognize that whether we’re dealing with rheumatoid arthritis or we’re dealing with osteoarthritis, we’re dealing with significant amounts of inflammation. And so looking at the studies in patients who have RA is one thing, but they’ve also been able to show in patients that have your typical run-of-the-mill arthritis that the green tea and those powerful catechins do a wonderful job at being able to downregulate all of that inflammation.† [00:10:05]
[00:10:06] So, so much science out there. You can see the different pathways, whether we’re dealing with the same pathways that you’re non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are targeting or, you know, even if we’re looking at some of the prescribed pain medications, the pathways to which those are working, the COX-1, COX-2 pathways, and obviously the more we can lessen our inflammation burden in the body, the more resolution we get to any type of a chronic condition. So addressing chronic inflammation is certainly important, and we understand the true benefit of getting green tea on board when it comes to partnering up in the, in the body and helping our body with managing that inflammation and a much more efficient way.† [00:10:53]
[00:10:53] I want to thank you so much for tuning in to the InViteⓇ Health Podcast. Remember, you can find all of our episodes for free wherever you listen to podcasts or by visiting invitehealth.com/podcast. Now do make sure that you subscribe and you leave us a review. You can follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, and we will see you next time for another episode of the InViteⓇ Health Podcast.† [00:10:53]