Tag: lutein

Antioxidants Slow Damage of Free Radicals- InVite Health Podcast, Episode 575

Antioxidants Slow Damage of Free Radicals- InVite Health Podcast, Episode 575

Melissa Bistricer, RDN goes in depth about antioxidants, what free radicals are & how antioxidants can protect you from the damage they cause

Blue Blockers Protecting Vision Problems, Part 2 – InVite Health Podcast, Episode 571

Blue Blockers Protecting Vision Problems, Part 2 – InVite Health Podcast, Episode 571

Are you on your computer, playing Xbox, or watching TV? The Blue Blockers will help to enhance your brain and eye fatigue. Listen now to learn more!

Blue Blockers Protecting Vision Problems, Part 1 – InVite Health Podcast, Episode 570

Blue Blockers Protecting Vision Problems, Part 1 – InVite Health Podcast, Episode 570

Blue Blockers 

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Please see below for a complete transcript of this episode.

Blue Blockers Protecting Vision Problems, Part 1 – InViteⓇ Health Podcast, Episode 570

Hosted by Jerry Hickey, Ph

*Intro music*

Welcome to the InViteⓇ Health Podcast, where our degreed healthcare professionals are excited to offer you the most important health and wellness information you need to make informed choices about your health. You can learn more about the products discussed in each of these episodes and all that InViteⓇ Health has to offer at www.invitehealth.com/podcast. First time customers can use promo code PODCAST at checkout for an additional 15% off your first purchase. Let’s get started!† Vegetables

*Intro music*

Jerry Hickey, Ph: [00:00:40] I’ve been an advocate for frequent consumption of green leafy vegetables for decades. Based on a lot of science, from leading academic research institutions, and also for supplementing with specific nutrients found in these green leafy vegetables as additional precaution, just to make sure you’re getting enough of these very important nutrients. Now, there’s lots of science, very good quality science, and this is from leading academic research institutions such as Harvard, Tufts, Johns Hopkins. They show that specific nutrients and green leafy vegetables are likely the nutrients that help protect you. And this helps protect you for many things. Many things that occur increasingly with aging, such as memory loss, vision problems, even eye diseases, cancer, bone loss, losing muscle, a condition called sarcopenia, severe loss of muscle and strength, Alzheimer’s disease. And this really seems to be even more relevant for women than men. Don’t get me wrong, it’s very important for men, but it seems to be crucial for women. And we’ll go into the whys of this over the course of this episode.† [00:02:00]

[00:02:03] Now, when I say that there are specific nutrients from the foods that are likely the major players in health. This is based on studies of the foods, but also separate studies of the † and it’s turning out some of these nutrients are a winner. So I’ll explain this some more, by the way, in my episode and welcome to my episode. Blue Blockers Protect You From Vision Problems and Alzheimer’s Disease. [00:02:29]

[00:02:29] Hi, my name is Jerry Hickey. I’m a pharmacist who specializes in nutrition. By the way, all of our episodes are available for free wherever you listen to podcasts or just go to invitehealth.com/podcast, please subscribe or leave us a review if you listen. You can also find us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram at InViteⓇ Health. So let’s discuss this. It’s very interesting, by the way.† [00:02:55]

[00:02:57] So a little background on the difference between women and men when it comes to diseases, especially diseases that affect the aging process. Now, in developed countries such as the United States and parts of Europe and Japan, women tend to live longer than men, approximately seven years longer on average. But here’s the paradox, the true gender paradox. Although women tend to live longer, they also have higher rates of diseases and illnesses that are not just tied into living longer. Take, for instance, neurological diseases, those associated with aging. Parkinson’s disease is a disease that occurs in the back of the brain, a part of the brain that controls your balance and your mobility and your muscle function, etc. Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. However, for most other neurodegenerative diseases, women suffer more frequently, but they also suffer at an earlier age. † [00:04:05]

[00:04:10] So even after accounting for lifespan, the longer life span those seven years difference in lifespan for women, women have a higher incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and also the other forms of dementia. Women represent approximately two thirds of all cases of dementia. Age related macular degeneration is the most common cause of vision loss and blindness in aging people and people over the age of 55. Let me explain briefly what this is. In the back of the eye, we have a retina and a retina has all of these delicate, vulnerable little organs that could be damaged. So they have to be shielded and they’re shielded by this protective barrier called your macular tissue, but the macular tissue is more than that fine vision occurs in it and a little egg yolk shaped spot called a fovea. So the macula helps prevent blue light from penetrating into the back of the eye. We’ll discuss blue light a little bit more when we get into the eye specifically. First, we’re going to touch on neurological conditions like Alzheimer’s. Then we’re going to discuss the eye. † [00:05:18]

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[00:05:20] So what happens in age related macular degeneration? And it’s something that occurs over time. It doesn’t go to an extreme case generally right away. But there’s thinning of the macular tissue and blue light waves are penetrating into the back of the eye and are damaging the retina and it can literally cause loss of central vision. About 70% of all patients with age related macular degeneration are women. This is according to the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. They even call it Alzheimer’s of the eyes. There’s studies calling macular degeneration. Alzheimer’s of the eyes. Now, this is a little bit different. Autoimmune diseases, there’s lots of them. The most commonly known ones are multiple sclerosis. That causes damage in the nervous system of the spine and brain. Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease where your immune system is attacking your joints. It’s very disfiguring. It’s very painful. Systemic lupus erythematosus, which can attack your kidneys and your liver and other internal organs. Insulin dependent diabetes, where your immune system is destroying the parts of the pancreas that release insulin. Myasthenia gravis, which is an autoimmune disease of your muscles. Scleroderma and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which is probably the most common autoimmune disease where your own immune system is attacking your thyroid. 80% of the sufferers of autoimmune disease are women. Now, although many of these are not fatal, or at least over time, not fatal, they are highly debilitating. Of course, there were new drugs available at this point, but some of those drugs were a little bit scary themselves, but they could be lifesaving. † [00:07:20]

[00:07:21] Now let’s discuss green leafy vegetables and then brain diseases and finally eye diseases. I’m gonna discuss in a minute where men and women store nutrients because there’s a slight variation based on body fat percentage. But let’s talk about green leafy vegetables. Why are they so protective? Why is kale and broccoli and spinach and lettuce? Why are they so good for you? Well, they’re packed with many different kinds of nutrients. Now, some of these are the kind of nutrients that a dietitian would look at, like, B, vitamins, like folate. Folate lowers your risk of cancer. Folate lowers your risk of brain diseases. Vitamin C that hold you together, you connective tissue. But it’s also important for your immune system and your brain. Vitamin E, natural vitamin E, which helps protect your heart, your brain, your liver. Minerals such as magnesium, calcium. Strontium that are important for your bones and potassium, which is important for your bones and your heart health and your blood pressure. Vitamin K1; it’s important for bone health, clean arteries, metabolism. But there’s also some more obscure nutrients like glutathione.† [00:08:47]

[00:08:48] My old friend, Doctor Allan Pressman, wrote a book called The Glutathione Phenomenon. He called Glutathione the Mother of All Antioxidants, which it kind of is because it refurbishes them, recycles them like vitamins C and vitamin E, it keeps them going. So glutathione is dominant in the eyes and brain for protecting it. It’s very important. Sulforaphane you find out in cabbage related vegetables that helps do that helps fight viruses that host protected bacteriophage but it’s very good for helping the liver dispose of toxins and chemicals that’s found in green leafy vegetables. Glucuronic acid that helps protect your colon. That’s found in cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and bok choy and broccoli rabe. Indole-3-carbinol, which has antiviral activities, which is important for women’s breasts and their ovaries and their uterus, and your vulva and men’s prostate found in cabbage, vegetables. We’ve done everything. Basically, I’m discussing right here, we’ve done podcast episodes on and so if you want to look it up, we have it. But there’s really warriors and these vegetables for your vision, your brain and memory and possibly you’re hearing, for instance, natural beta carotene. † [00:10:02]

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[00:10:04] Beta carotene is converted to a form of vitamin A that’s very important for the eyes, for your skin, for your immune system. But beta carotene is also found in the auditory processing part of the brain in abundance, where, you know, you’re you’re you’re translating sounds into words. Lutein and Zeaxanthin and this is where I’m going with this Lutein and Zeaxanthin are warriors for your brain and your vision. If you look at the data on age, variations, Lutein and Zeaxanthin are incredibly important for the brain at any point in your life. And infants date the dominant pigments, they make up about 60% of the pigments in the brain. But in somebody who’s 100 years old, they might only make up 25%. So we need more. We need more. Because I’m going to go into all the things they do for the brain that we know of. It’s really interesting. † [00:11:06]

[00:11:08] Lutein and Zeaxanthin are carotenoids. Carotenoids are pigments in vegetables and fruits that are highly protective of the of the plants, but also of humans. For instance, lycopene is the red stuff in a lot of fruits like tomatoes. And lycopene has been shown to help block a whole bunch of cancers, breast cancer and colon cancer and prostate cancer, just to name a few. But they’re very common cancers. And it’s really good for the heart, you circulatory system and your skin, that’s where it gets into your skin and makes the skin look nice but it also helps protect the skin from the sun. The sun could be a disaster for your skin. Beta carotene you’ve heard of many times. Beta carotene is essential for building your skin and your tissues, you go blind without it, you need it for your vision, it’s important for your immune system. And then there’s Lutein and Zeaxanthin. These are very common carotenoids. And in humans these are very important carotenoids in humans there’s alpha carotene, there’s gamma carotene, there’s vital fluorine, there’s Cryptoxantin and Beta-Cryptoxantin and they’re all important. † [00:12:17]

[00:12:19] Many of these are incredibly powerful, incredibly important antioxidants that protect our health and protect our lifespan. They protect ourselves when we’re converting sugar and oxygen into energy. The little power plants called mitochondria, our cells are loaded with them, are very efficient at converting sugar and oxygen into energy. Humans are high energy animals, we’re high energy organisms. I mean, we’re active all day long, right? And we need a lot of energy, the problem is there’s byproducts of this energy production. It’s like a double edged sword, you need the oxygen and the sugar for energy, but at the same time, things leak out of these little power plants called mitochondria, that are toxic. They’re toxic species, they’re call free radicals. They can destroy your cells, they can kill your cells, they can cause disease, they can age you at a very rapid rate. So when we have low levels of these antioxidants, these are key antioxidants for humans. The carotenoid pigments, the lutein, the lycopene, the zeaxanthin, the beta carotene, they’re key antioxidants, they’re at the core of a long, healthy life. † [00:13:33]

[00:13:35] When we’re alone, these antioxidants, we develop oxidative stress everywhere in the body, including in the brain. So the oxygen is becoming a problem. You’re developing things like peroxides, hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, two parts hydrogen, two parts oxygen. And this, of course, is a solvent, it destroys tissues. And these free radicals that cause oxidative stress, they create inflammation. And the inflammation damages our cells, kills our cells, damages our organs, damages our systems, things don’t work properly and eventually it damages our health. I mean, a very strong example of that, a very vivid example, is the damage to the lungs of people in hospitals with COVID-19 when they couldn’t breathe. That’s a very powerful example of what inflammation and free radicals can do in the human body. So these foods supply these nutrients that are the antidotes to oxidative stress, especially lutein and zeaxanthin and lycopene. Lutein and zeaxanthin are pretty much dominant from the neck up, like in the eyes and in the brain, where lycopene is dominant from the neck down. They’re very important pigments. So let’s talk about where these nutrients are stored. The difference between men and women, lutein and zeaxanthin and all the other carotenoids and many vitamins and minerals can be fatty soluble. They’re stored in fat. The certain vitamins like vitamin D and vitamin A, very important nutrients like Ubiquinol that gives you energy, and metabolism, and is great for your heart, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene. All of these things are fatty soluble and they get stored in fat. Minerals can wind up stored in fat. † [00:15:30]

[00:15:32] So women in general have about 20% more body fat than men. Now we’re talking about people who are, you know, healthy. They’re not obese, they’re not 300, 400 pounds. So let’s talk about pregnancy during pregnancy, the lutein and Zeaxanthin is being used for the fetus in development, etc. The lutein and Zeaxanthin are important for the development of the brain, of children, of infants, of embryos. So you don’t have a very good available reservoir of antioxidants for the woman, and this is less available to their eyes and brain. This is unhealthy and it’s a cause of inflammaging in women. So these nutrients getting locked up in the fat leads to a lack of antioxidants, free radicals cause oxidative stress, and this leads to inflammation, which they actually call now inflammaging. Some people are just so inflamed, like people who are out of control diabetics or people with severe liver disease, etc. they’re so inflamed. It’s terrible for the aging process that accelerates, the aging process it leads to diseases, and sadly, it’s more likely to happen in women. So women have this built in vulnerability that most of them are not aware of, but it can be turned around if they’re made aware, and they can focus on nutrients and green leafy vegetables and other healthy foods and maybe adding additional lutein and zeaxanthin to their diet as a supplement. I think that’s very important, actually. † [00:17:18]

[00:17:21] So just to rehash the carotenoids, their pigments, they’re fatty soluble. So they get trapped in the fat, they’re prone to going into fat. They’re very powerful, fat soluble antioxidants, and therefore they’re anti-inflammatory nutrients. So they help prevent the diseases of aging. This is key, including in the brain and eyes. They help prevent eye diseases. They help prevent brain diseases. So why should this be an issue more so for women‘s brain? Why are so many cases of Alzheimer’s women? In general, the brain is about 60% fat. The dry weight of the brain is something like 2 pounds, it’s about 60% fat. Fat can go bad, fat can go rancid. Antioxidants, fatty, soluble antioxidants like lutein and zeaxanthin strongly help prevent this type of cell damage in the brain. Now, every time you inhale, 60% of that oxygen is pumped up into your brain. So if you have not enough, if you have insufficient levels of lutein and zeaxanthin, this allows the oxygen to go bad during the energy process, creating peroxides. This causes oxidative stress, this causes inflammation, this causes inflamaging of the brain, an aging of the brain due to cell damage and cell death. This inflammation this pro-inflammatory condition is called inflamaging. It can lead to really severe disease of the brain. † [00:18:56]

[00:18:57] You know what? I didn’t realize this would be such a long episode. I think I better cut it short now, and we’ll call this part one of the episode. So thank you for listening to the InViteⓇ Health podcast. You could find all of our episode for free wherever you listen to podcast or just go to invitehealth.com/podcast and please subscribe and leave a review. They asked me to say that, so I say it, you know, I do my job. You can also listen to us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram at InViteⓇ Health. I want to thank you for listening. And this is Jerry Hickey signing off. And we’ll get back to this topic. I’m going to do part two of this. † [00:18:57]

*Exit Music* 

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Lutein and Zeaxanthin: You Need These For Your Memory – InVite Health Podcast, Episode 537

Lutein and Zeaxanthin: You Need These For Your Memory – InVite Health Podcast, Episode 537

memory

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Please see below for a complete transcript of this episode.

Lutein and Zeaxanthin: You Need These For Your Memory – InVite Health Podcast, Episode 537

Hosted by Amanda Williams, MPH

*Intro music*

InVite Health Podcast Intro: Welcome to the InVite Health Podcast, where our degreed healthcare professionals are excited to offer you the most important health and wellness information you need to make informed choices about your health. You can learn more about the products discussed in each of these episodes and all that InVite Health has to offer at www.invitehealth.com/podcast. First time customers can use promo code PODCAST at checkout for an additional 15% off your first purchase. Let’s get started!

*Intro music*

Jerry Hickey, Ph.: 

[00:00:40] Lutein and zeaxanthin. These are two words that become increasingly important to us as we grow older. They’re nutrients found in food. The problem is you absorb less from your food as you grow older, and that’s an issue for your memory, your brain, and your vision. Now, I’ve done a number of podcast episodes on lutein and zeaxanthin, but there’s more evidence now, very strong evidence, how important it is for your memory, especially as you grow older. So these are pigments in plants, and when you eat certain foods, I’ll go over these foods near the end of the podcast episode, you build them up in the eyeball and they form a screen, a shield called your macular tissue. And this in turn blocks blue lights from getting into the back of the eyes and the back of the eyes has these very vulnerable little organs you need for fine vision and blue light can cause inflammation in these organs. I’ll explain why in a minute because it’s so high energy and this can destroy your vision. It’s not uncommon in aging people. It’s called age-related macular degeneration, the number one cause of blindness in aging people. So the lutein and zeaxanthin help create this buffer that blocks the blue light from getting too deep into the eyeball.† [00:01:59]

[00:02:00] So blue light, why is it so dangerous? It’s super high energy. It’s made out of these very short waves of light, these very short rays, so many more of them are hitting your eyeball than from other colors across the spectrum. So they bombard the eyes and they create a glare. And this uses up lutein and zeaxanthin and they start to penetrate into the eyes. Now in young people, this just makes their brain and their eyes tired. That’s why I always recommend to people who have a kid in college working on their Ph.D. or somebody who’s doing a lot of reading and editing work, etc, work on the computer a great deal, take a lutein supplement, take a lutein and zeaxanthin supplement. It’s not going to hurt. It’s going to be helpful. But in older people, when you use up the lutein and zeaxanthin, it can actually affect their brain permanently. So normally the lutein and zeaxanthin help filter out blue light. They help with night vision. They help with glare recovery. You know, when you’re driving in a rain or the snow or at night, etc., and there’s a glare from oncoming headlights that blind you. You recover quicker with lutein and zeaxanthin. It’s needed for visual acuity. You know, how good can you see at a distance, etc. It’s needed for contrast sensitivity, picking something out from the background. So it’s a very important for the eyeballs, but it’s… Across your lifespan, like I’ve said before, it’s very important for your memory and your brain.† [00:03:27]

[00:03:28] So think about it. Anything that reaches the eyes has to travel through the brain to get there. So the things that are generally good for the eyes are generally good for the brain. So welcome to my episode, Lutein and Zeaxanthin: You Need These Nutrients for Your Memory. My name is Jerry Hickey. I’m a licensed pharmacist specializing in nutrition. You can find all of our InViteⓇ episodes for free wherever you listen to podcast episodes or go to invitehealth.com/podcast. You can also find us on Twitter, Instagram and Facebook at InViteⓇ Health. And please, when you listen, if you could leave a review and if you could subscribe, it would be helpful. So let me get on with this.† [00:04:13]

[00:04:14] Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids. There’s hundreds of carotenoids we know about. The body uses many scores of them. The one you’re probably most familiar with is beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is needed for the immune system. It’s needed for your skin. It’s needed for vision. It’s needed for other things, too. Beta-carotene converts into Vitamin A, which is interesting. It’s controlled by the liver. So it’s it’s converted into Vitamin A at sort of a set, a steady state. So there’s really no toxicity for beta-carotene. Vitamin A itself, if you have too much, can be toxic. But taking beta-carotene, not an issue. There is a drawback. People with thyroid disease and people with diabetes have a tough time converting beta-carotene into Vitamin A, so they should actually have a small amount of Vitamin A on a regular basis. So the lutein and zeaxanthin are pigments in in foods. They’re in the carotenoid family. And they do not convert to Vitamin A. They’re very safe. They’re extremely safe. If you take them as a supplement, take them with food because they’re fatty soluble, you’ll absorb them better.† [00:05:28]

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[00:05:31] So the lutein and zeaxanthin are important to your vision and memory across your entire lifespan. They’re the most common pigments in your brain. Levels decline with age because it’s harder to absorb them from your meals. So there’s a very good new study, well-powered, using lutein and zeaxanthin and it’s going to help most older adults with memory. Adults with mild memory loss… See, most older adults do not develop Alzheimer’s disease, even though Alzheimer’s disease, it’s incredibly scary, most older people do not develop it. But those people will typically develop some level of memory loss, which is called subjective memory loss. Subjective memory loss might be just noticed by that one person. For instance, a gentleman might say to his wife, “Honey, I’m forgetting things.” And she’ll turn around, say, “Oh, no, you’re not, Harry. You’re fine.” That’s subjective memory loss. It’s not anything serious. It’s a common cause of absentmindedness and forgetfulness in older people. I do think part of that stems from people not having the demands of work on them. When you have to do work, you have to get it done in a certain time, in a certain way, and you have to use your brain for that specifically. And that puts a kind of demand on the brain that keeps you sharper. So I do think that a part of the age-related mild memory loss is very reversible just by doing things that really cause you to, you have to have this need to get things done. But more than likely, people who do not develop Alzheimer’s, the great percentage of older adults, they’re going to develop the subjective memory loss, this mild form of memory loss in people over the age of 60.† [00:07:33]

[00:07:35] So this brand new study, it’s a six-month study, it’s in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition, which is a very interesting journal. It’s a good journal. Now, bear in mind, when you consume foods and lutein and zeaxanthin are reaching your eyeballs, they have to travel through your brain. And the body is very clever in how it uses things. It uses them in multiple ways. So anything that’s passing through the brain that’s important for the eyes is likely going to be really important for the brain. And that’s, that’s really what the research shows. So you’re absorbing less with age, so you really should think about a really good supplement of lutein and zeaxanthin. I mean, the ability of them to improve your vision and your memory as you age and also safeguard them from a decline… The research, the level of evidence gets a resounding yes, that it absolutely works. It’s putative, I believe it as a healthcare professional. So the study, like I said, is in Frontiers in Nutrition. It’s the Clinical Research Australia Group and Murdoch University, which is in Perth, Australia. They worked together for this study. And when you look at the data on lutein and zeaxanthin, they’re the number one and two pigments in the brain in like babies. They have a huge amount of this. And across our our life, the level declines in the, in the brain. But it’s very important for a bunch of parts of the brain involved with cognitive functions and knowing where you are, like your brain’s GPS and your hippocampus. Your hippocampus is where you’re learning through and you’re, you’re, you’re starting to store memories. So it’s an important thing. The hippocampus, when you learn something now, you store it in the hippocampus, but the hippocampus is vulnerable to damage. So when you go to sleep at night, when you go into deep sleep at night… When you go into deep sleep at night, you move the memories from your hippocampus to the long term memory parts of the brain. So the hippocampus, an important organ, obviously, for learning and memory, is, should be loaded with lutein. But like I said, the level drops with age.† [00:09:53]

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[00:09:55] So in this study, it was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind human clinical trial, which is a gold standard state of the art human clinical trial. 90 people between the age of 40 to 75. They gave them a placebo, which is an inactive pill needed for comparison’s sake, or they gave them 10mg of lutein with 2mg of zeaxanthin in a capsule and they gave them a a number of different tests like computer based cognitive tests. Now compared to placebo over the six month period, the lutein and zeaxanthin really help them with memory and learning and improved visual episodic memory. It improved visual learning. And these are people with subjective memory complaints. So these are people who are complaining that they’ve lost a little bit of memory. Now, there’s a lot of research proving this. There’s a lot of research backing this up, like previous studies showed that older people, given lutein, had better word recall or better delayed word recall also. So delayed word recall would be like, I’d give you five words and then we’d have a little mini lecture and then all of a sudden I’d say, “What are those five words?” Or ten words. Better overall brain function, all around better cognitive function.† [00:11:15]

[00:11:18] But also vision. And it doesn’t take a long time for the lutein and zeaxanthin to benefit your vision and your memory. The Moran… So this one was over six months of improved memory. The Moran Eye Center at University of Utah did a one-year study in elderly people, and lutein and zeaxanthin versus placebo really improved their visual performance. So it doesn’t take an awful long time to make a difference.† [00:11:41]

[00:11:43] So what do you do? Well, you can get lutein and zeaxanthin in certain foods like lutein would be found in dark green, leafy vegetables. Even though it’s kind of like an orange amber color, it’s hidden by the greenness, by the chlorophyll in the vegetables. So you’d find it in kale and spinach and broccoli and broccoli rabe and bok choy and vegetables like that. But you also find it in egg yolks and you also find it in corn. Now, the zeaxanthin is yellow. It’s bright level, bright yellow. So it’s named after corn. The Latin binomial name for corn is zeamaize. So the zeaxanthin is called zeaxanthin because it’s so yellow. You’d find that in orange and yellow foods, so you’d find it once again in egg yolks and corn, so that’s good because you’re getting both pigments in egg yolks and corn. You’d also find it in orange bell peppers, you’d find it in oranges and tangerines and fruits of that kind. I recommend taking a pill. I do every morning. Let me tell you my experience. I’m on my computer a lot. I’m on screens a lot. I used to be more because I was working full time. Now I’m only doing this part time. I’m an older guy. I want to enjoy my life. I want to have time left over for exercise and gardening and seeing the grandkids, etc. So when I go on the screens, my eyes get tired. If I take a lutein supplement when my eyes are tired with a little snack, so I absorb it better, within like 5 or 10 minutes, the eye fatigue is gone. It’s rather remarkable how quickly it gets to my eyes, but I take it on a daily basis. My wife does too. I insist on it for her.† [00:13:37]

[00:13:37] Now there are other supplements that are good for the memory. Acetyl-L-carnitine and alpha-lipoic acid, activated B-vitamins. There are certain nutrients and foods that the brain just grabs, like B-vitamins. B-vitamins create energy out of calories. The brain grabs the B-vitamins in your food. So in older people taking B-vitamins, especially activated B-vitamins, I’ve done some podcast episodes on those, is very important for the brain. Plus, it helps protect the brain. If you lack certain activated B-vitamins, like you can’t activate B12 or you can’t activate folic acid, a chemical builds up in a brain called homocysteine that really damages your memory. Really damages your memory. In fact, it’s a risk factor for Alzheimer’s. So activated B-vitamins for us older folks are really important. An example would be Methylcobalamin for B12 and Methyltetrahydrafolate for folic acid. Vitamin E and Vitamin C. They protect the brain. Fish oils, of course. I prefer krill because there’s other nutrients in krill that are great for the brain, like phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. Probiotics are important for the brain. Turmeric, a well-absorbed turmeric, is great for the brain. It does many things for the brain. We’ve done some podcast episode on it. Resveratrol or real cocoa for circulation to the brain.† [00:14:58]

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[00:15:00] In any event, I want to thank you for listening to today’s episode. You can find all of our InViteⓇ episodes wherever you listen to podcasts and they’re free. Or you could go to invitehealth.com/podcast. You can also find us on Instagram, Twitter and Facebook at InViteⓇ Health. When you listen to our episodes, could you please subscribe and also leave us a review? I want to thank you for listening. Hope to see you next time on the next episode of the InViteⓇ Health Podcast. Jerry Hickey signing off.† [00:15:00]

*Exit music*