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  Written By: Allie Might, FMC, INHC, and ATT For further questions or concerns email me at   We all know what an important topic anxiety and depression is, as so many suffer with these issues. In part one of this article, we discussed what 



Subscribe Today! Please see below for a complete transcript of this episode. CIRCULATION SOLUTIONS & TIPS FOR HEALTHY VESSELS, INVITE HEALTH PODCAST, EPISODE 646 Hosted by Amanda Williams, MD, MPH *Intro Music* InViteⓇ Health Podcast Intro: [00:00:04] Welcome to the InViteⓇ Health Podcast, where our 

Brain Health & Memory, Part 2: Brain Anatomy

Brain Health & Memory, Part 2: Brain Anatomy

Written by: Dr. Claire Arcidiacono, ND

For further questions or concerns email me at†


In our last blog we started talking about the anatomy of the brain. Today we will continue this topic and even expand into some structures that are important to our overall brain health.  To begin with today we will talk about a structure that is found surrounding the brain, this is a covering called the meninges. I won’t get into too much detail regarding this, but it is made up of 3 layers. These are the Dura, Arachnoid and the Pia.  It is in these layers that the brain’s veins, arteries and even cerebrospinal fluid are found.  Please see the attached picture. † (1)

Back to the cerebrum, it is surrounded by the cerebral cortex which is broken down into the different lobes that you may have heard of. These include the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the temporal lobe and the occipital lobe. Please see the attached picture. † (1)

The frontal lobe is considered to be the “action cortex” and is in charge of different types of motion. For example, this includes skeletal movement as well as ocular movements. Speech, expression of emotions as well as many mental actions are controlled by this lobe. (2) The next lobe the parietal lobe is very important in dealing with language. It also helps with handing sensory information and is in control of our knowledge of numbers. (3) The occipital lobe is critical when it comes to vision. (4) Lastly the temporal lobe helps with things such as visual memory, language skills, short term memory, and musical rhythm and even smell recognition as well as regulating our emotions. (5) It will be important to understand the different lobes and their functions later on when we get into more condition specific blogs. For example, TIAs and strokes are common causes of frontal lobe damage. They lead to symptoms such as inappropriate emotional responses whereas damage to the occipital lobe leads to vision problems. (1) As I said in my prior blog the cerebrum is split into 2 hemispheres connected together. What is interesting about this is that each hemisphere controls the opposite side of the body. † (5)

The brain also contains other structures that are important to regulating different bodily functions. These include the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus, the amygdala, the hippocampus and the pineal gland. Each of these structures have important functions. The pituitary gland is in charge of other glands such as the thyroid, the adrenals, ovaries and the testicles. The pituitary is in turn controlled by the hypothalamus. In addition to controlling the pituitary the hypothalamus also helps to regulate body temperature, sleep patterns, memory, emotions as well as hunger and thirst.  The next structure the amygdala is associated with fight or flight as well as our general emotion/memory and regulating what is called the “brains reward system”. The hippocampus supports our memory, learning and perception of space. Lastly the pineal gland regulates our circadian rhythms. † (1)


Supporting the brain is the brain’s blood supply of the vertebral arteries and the carotid arteries. There are also the basilar artery and the circle of Willis. In addition to this blood supply there is a watery fluid known as cerebrospinal fluid which helps to remove waste and deliver nutrients to the brain. (1, 7) Now I would like to take the time to mention something you might have heard about – the blood brain barrier (BBB). Simply put the BBB helps to restrict exactly what is permitted to cross into the cerebrospinal fluid and pass into the brain itself. † (8)

Lastly inside the cranium (the top of the skull) are the 12 cranial nerves. Each of these 12 nerves regulates different functions of the body. Please see the attached picture for more detailed information on each of these nerves. † (9)

The human brain is a complex topic that even to this day is not completely understood. The goal of this overview was not to turn us into neurosurgeons but instead make sure when we get into more condition- specific blogs, we know enough to understand the basic structures that are involved in brain health. In this series we will explore how to keep our brain healthy and we will also concentrate on how keeping our brain healthy will help with our memory. Since memory is one of the things, I get asked most about it will be a huge focus of this series. †

Since changes in memory and brain health can be brought about by many different underlying conditions next week, I will be discussing what blood work/ tests you should talk to your doctor about. †




  2. Kimberg DY, Farah MJ (December 1993). “A unified account of cognitive impairments following frontal lobe damage: the role of working memory in complex, organized behavior”. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 122 (4): 411–28. doi:1037/0096-3445.122.4.411. PMID 8263463.
  3. Baldauf D, Cui H, Andersen RA (October 2008). “The posterior parietal cortex encodes in parallel both goals for double-reach sequences”. The Journal of Neuroscience. 28 (40): 10081–9. doi:1523/JNEUROSCI.3423-08.2008. PMC 2744218. PMID 18829966.
  4. “SparkNotes: Brain Anatomy: Parietal and Occipital Lobes”. Archived from the original on 31 December 2007. Retrieved 27 February 2008.
  5. Smith; Kosslyn (2007). Cognitive Psychology: Mind and Brain. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. pp. 21, 194–199, 349.
  6. Rosdahl, Caroline; Kowalski, Mary (2008). Textbook of Basic Nursing (9th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 189. ISBN 9780781765213. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  8. Daneman R, Prat A (January 2015). “The blood-brain barrier”. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology. 7 (1): a020412. doi:1101/cshperspect.a020412. PMC 4292164. PMID 25561720.



Keeping The Brain Clean with Resveratrol, Invite Health Podcast, Episode 645

Keeping The Brain Clean with Resveratrol, Invite Health Podcast, Episode 645

Subscribe Today! Please see below for a complete transcript of this episode. KEEPING THE BRAIN CLEAN WITH RESVERATROL, INVITE HEALTH PODCAST, EPISODE 645 Hosted by Amanda Williams, MD, MPH *Intro Music* InViteⓇ Health Podcast Intro: [00:00:04] Welcome to the InViteⓇ Health Podcast, where our degreed health 

Introduction to Brain Health & Memory, Invite Health Blog

Introduction to Brain Health & Memory, Invite Health Blog

  Written by: Dr. Claire Arcidiacono, ND For further questions or concerns email me at†   In this next series we will be covering a topic that my fellow nutritionists and I get asked about all of the time. This is an important topic that 

Do I Need To Take A Multivitamin ? Invite Health Podcast, Episode 644

Do I Need To Take A Multivitamin ? Invite Health Podcast, Episode 644

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Please see below for a complete transcript of this episode.


Hosted by Amanda Williams, MD, MPH


InViteⓇ Health Podcast Intro: [00:00:04] Welcome to the InViteⓇ Health Podcast, where our degreed health care professionals are excited to offer you the most important health and wellness information you need to make informed choices about your health. You can learn more about the products discussed in each of these episodes and all that Invite Health has to offer at First time customers can use promo code podcast at checkout for an additional 15% off your first purchase. Let’s get started. † [00:00:34]

Amanda Williams MD, MPH: [00:00:40] One of the most common questions that I am asked and have been asked for years is do I need to be taking a multivitamin? Is it really necessary? The answer is yes, folks, you do. You need to be taking a comprehensive multivitamin, multi mineral. It makes such a difference in how your body functions, especially as we are getting older, and we recognize that our foods don’t yield us a high enough amount of key vitamins and minerals and antioxidants. We’re living in a more toxic world, so, it’s even more important when you even look at younger folks taking a multivitamin, multi-mineral, used to always be, oh, just when you get older, you need be taking a vitamin. No, this is, we kind of scrub that whole idea, we recognize now that because the foods are so deficient in the way that most Americans eat, taking a comprehensive multivitamin is so essential to our overall functionality and to support our overall health. So, I’m Dr. Amanda Williams, scientific director at Invite Health, and we have a whole variety of choices and options when it comes to a multivitamin for you to take. We have our Core multivitamin, we have the Men’s multivitamin, the Women’s multi, we have our performance multivitamin, the multi-energy powder by Dr. Pressman. So, a whole variety of products for you to select from, and I always encourage you to work with one of our nutritional experts, one of our naturopathic doctors, to make sure that you are choosing the right multivitamin based on your specific needs. So definitely take advantage of that, you can meet with Dr.Kay, for example, she’s out at our Syosset location. You can meet with Dr. Claire, she is at our 72nd Street location, they will get you on track. And we know that millions of Americans take a multivitamin, and it’s upwards of close to 70% of senior citizens who actually take multivitamins. But yet we recognize that even in individuals who are taking multivitamins, they are still getting an inadequate amount of key nutrients. Why is that? Well, because unfortunately most multivitamins that are out there on the market are deficient in the amount of vitamins and minerals that you need. So, they’re not really doing much when it comes to promoting longevity or filling in those massive gaps that we get from our diet. And we know that many of those multivitamins that are out there on the market, contains synthetic vitamins and minerals, including vitamin E, That’s a huge one. So, you’re not getting the natural forms, the most bioactive forms. But when you’re using the Invite Health multivitamins, you can rest assured that you’re getting this high absorption, powerful bioactive forms, the chelated minerals, to protect those minerals through the digestive process, get powerful antioxidants, get a wonderful blend of carotenoids to help to promote eye health as well as brain health. You get coenzyme Q10 all in a daily multi packet. These things are important when you’re using our products, you know that you’re getting the bioactive folate, you’re getting the bioactive B12 known as methylcobalamin. † [00:04:15]

[00:04:16] The National Institute of Health back in 2017 found that 14% of full spectrum multivitamin multi mineral supplements that people were using were still deficient in at least one nutrient. Deficiency is defined as a nutrient level being so low that it causes specific diseases to manifest. So, most people think about vitamin D deficiencies and bone loss, vitamin C deficiencies and scurvy, which really doesn’t exist anymore. But we know that insufficiency is definitely the more pronounced issue in this country, more so than the deficiency. So, insufficiency is that you’re getting less than optimal levels and those who are taking traditional multivitamin, multimineral are generally falling into this category where it’s like you’re taking a multi every day. But yet if they were to test out your serum levels, you’re insufficient across the board. Which shows you that those multivitamins are not effective, and that makes a difference when it comes to your health. So, if you’re going to be supplementing, which I advise that you do with a multivitamin every day, you want to be using a form that has been shown to be high absorption of the highest potency to give you the best results. These things really do matter. When you see the percentage of Americans who fail to meet the estimated average requirement which is like the lowest bar set by the government of key nutrients like vitamin E, for example, close to 70% of Americans fail to meet the estimated average requirement of vitamin E. 75% of Americans fail to reach the estimated average requirement of vitamin D, why does that matter to your health? Because vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that helps the body facilitate cholesterol transport, protects your cholesterol from becoming oxidized. Oxidized cholesterol is incredibly dangerous and if you’re not getting enough exposure to vitamin E from your diet, and if you’re using a subpar quality multivitamin, you’re still at risk. So, we want to make sure that we’re getting this wonderful exposure. And this is why taking something like the Core multivitamin is going to give you a full spectrum natural vitamin E. † [00:06:49]


 [00:06:51] When you’re taking our formulation, you know that you’re going to be getting a substantial amount of all of these key vitamins and minerals. The optimal form of these key nutrients in a protective mechanism, a vehicle that allows the body to actually absorb this. This is why our chelated minerals are so important in all of our multivitamins. There was a study that was conducted about a year ago and published in the Alzheimer’s and Dementia Journal, which is a journal that’s associated with the Alzheimer’s Association. And they found that individuals who supplemented with a high-quality daily multivitamin, multi mineral formulation, experienced an improvement in overall cognition, memory and other cognitive functions compared to placebo group compared to people who didn’t take a multivitamin. And think about why that would be, think about neuroinflammation and oxidative stress that can worsen our focus, our attention, our memory. But yet if we’re taking a comprehensive multivitamin like the Core Multivitamin, which is giving you those activated B vitamins that can help to support cognitive function, it’s giving you zeaxanthin, that powerful carotenoid. All of those carotenoids not only help eye health, but also brain health, lutein and astaxanthin in particular, very, very helpful. Our formulation does not contain any artificial colors or flavors. We have all of those fat-soluble nutrients and the powerful carotenoids in a liquid capsule for faster absorption. And this all leads to better cellular protection, so, all of the cells in the body are getting those key nutrients. We’re supporting mood with the addition of the activated folate and the activated B12, which those also help with detoxification. There’s such a strong correlation between the gut and the brain, but there’s also a very strong correlation between the gut and the liver. And through taking our complete multivitamins that we offer; we’re getting all systems support. So we go far beyond a traditional multivitamin that you can find at your local pharmacy. Because ours is so advanced from the formulation, from the sourcing of the raw material to the encapsulation technology that we use to make sure that what you’re taking every day is actually going to make a difference in how your body is working, giving you the most powerful forms of those vitamins and minerals. And the powerful natural Vitamin E that does so much to support our health. Having the full spectrum of all of those B vitamins, including Inositol, which really helps our body when it comes to blood sugar regulation as well as cell to cell communication for our brain. So, for focus, for example. † [00:09:57]

 [00:10:00] So at the end of the day, do we need to be taking a multivitamin? And the answer is yes. We know that our diet, unfortunately, does not give us adequate exposure. We know that so many medications that people are taking for different conditions can lower our vitamin and mineral status to support our immune system. Taking a daily multivitamin has been shown to be highly beneficial, and these are the things that we should be paying attention to. We know that most multivitamins that are out there are not going to be yielding you the support that you think that they’re going to provide. But yet when you’re using our Core Multi Performance, Multi Men’s, Women’s or the Multienergy Powder that you’re going to be getting all of these power nutrients, and it’s all evidence based. You know, it’s interesting, oftentimes you’ll hear doctors say, oh you don’t need a multivitamin, just eat healthy. We like to follow evidence-based science. Well, I can tell you our formulations are evidence based, there’s a reason why we put the amount of those vitamins and minerals, and carotenoids into our formulation. We understand how these vitamins and minerals are cofactors for different enzymes. So, for everyday function. to repair our cellular DNA, to fight off free radicals, to maintain cardiovascular health, to help to enhance insulin sensitivity to regulate our blood sugar. These nutrients that are contained in our multivitamins give that body back the assistance that it needs so that we can fight off accelerated aging, so that we can support all of the cells in our body. We need to have this combination of all of these key nutrients in order to facilitate proper daily function to detoxify, every single day your body detoxifies itself. Having these nutrients on board helps to facilitate that process, helps to support our mood, our overall sense of well-being. We can gain so much just from having a high-quality multivitamin, multi mineral. And it’s interesting when you are taking a high-quality multivitamin, multi mineral, such as what we offer, that people actually feel a difference. They’ll say, ‘you know, I used to take this other multivitamin, and I thought, oh well, this is probably good for me. But then I switched, and I started using the Core Multivitamin and I feel healthier, I feel energetic, I feel like it gives me more giddy up and go each and every single day.’ And this isn’t a placebo effect. This is the real deal because you’re getting the power of all of these different nutrients in combination to enhance the way that your body is functioning and to combat nutrient depletions that are brought on because of inadequate dietary exposure, as well as medications that might be impacting the way that your vitamins and minerals are absorbed. So definitely the answer is, yes, when it comes to do I need to be taking a multivitamin, multi-mineral every single day? Yes, yes, yes. Which one? Depends on your specific needs. You can speak with one of our nutritionists and they can give you that advice. † [00:13:15]

[00:13:18] The Performance Multivitamin really helps to enhance energy production, gives you additional cardiovascular support, blood sugar support. The Men’s Multivitamin is geared towards enhancing prostate function and healthy libido sexual function. The Women’s Multivitamin is enhanced to support hormonal balance, energy. So, we have a multivitamin that is geared to suit your needs. You just need to speak with one of our nutritionists to zero in on which one is going to yield you and gain you the most support. So, I want to thank you so much for tuning in to the Invite Health podcast. Remember, you can find all of our episodes for free wherever you listen to podcasts or by visiting, Do make sure that you subscribe, and you leave us a review. You can follow us on, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram at Invite Health and we will see you next time for another episode of the      InViteⓇ Health Podcast. † [00:13:18]